tv CBS Evening News With Scott Pelley CBS January 1, 2013 5:30pm-6:00pm PST
evening.y: good evening. y mason. off tonight. fiscalthony mason. america went over the fiscal cliff at midnight, but we are still waiting to see if it will be a hard fall or a soft isnding. early this morning, the senate pass passed a compromise bill that raises raises income taxes for individuals earning $400,000 a ,000.and families earning $450,000. ever everyone else would be spared. it would also delay spending cuts for at least two months, and that does not sit well with many house republicans. cy, where do we go from here? we have two reports, beginning with nancy cordes at the capitol. >> reporter: anthony, house republicans do not like this deal. ousy say it needs serious spending cuts. so tonight, house republican le leaders are counting votes, otes a to figure out if they some enough republican votes-- and republican votes alone-- to pass a bill that puts some spending cuts into the deal, a
move they acknowledge is risky. house speaker john boehner met with house republicans for an hour and a half today. he didn't share his opinion of the bill, but many other did.licans, like alabama's ledncer bacchus, did. cuttingenate bill failed miserably in cutting spending. >> reporter: michael conaway of texas. ta i'm unwilling to gag down a deal that is unacceptable. >> reporter: even the number two house republican, virginia's eric cantor, said he could not fopport the bill in its current form, despite the fact that it passed the senate at 2:00 this morn morning with huge bipartisan support. >> >> the yeas are 89, the nays are eight. mi reporter: the bill is the product of the intense last- minute negotiations between senate republican leader mitch mcconnell and vice president joe biden. it contains no major cuts, partly because the speaker and vicepulled out of talks with the president last month over a akand bargain that would have cut nearly a trillion dollars in th over .
we asked louisiana republican john fleming about that. this bill makes a lot of tax cuts that republicans like permanent. why not claim victory, and then work on spending cuts in the the two months? >> well, that was discussed. and you're right, it makes some things permanent, particularly permhe estate tax area, its here aret fix to the a.m.t. so there are some actual things like like about it. but as a whole, we don't like other parts of it that we think are going to be devastating to the economy and jobs. >> reporter: congressman steny hoyer and other democratic leaders urged republicans to hold a vote on the bill as is tonight. >> by definition, a compromise has elements in it that each party does not like. >> reporter: and senate nomocrats are threatening not to take up the bill again if house republicans change it. so, anthony, we are looking at yet another serious stumbling block in the effort to push off
>>e fiscal cliff tax hikes. t mason: nancy, how much time imerepublican leaders have to thy to decide whether to amend ted toill? ony,ell, they say they wanted to decide tonight, anthony, for a few reasons. first of all, they don't want to leave the american public in limbo. second of all, they have no idea how the stock market will react ys, onow if there's no deal. and, third, in just two days, on n in, and a new congress gets sworn in, and if they don't pass a bill by then, we go back to square one. >> mason: nancy cordes at the capitol. is follou, nancy. t the garrett is following developments at the white house. major, what do you hear from there tonight? >> reporter: anthony, the al office,spent the afternoon in the oval office, january 1, new asar's day, presiding over a niuntry and economy that has technically gone over the fiscal cliff. at officials ur, anthony, white omewhaofficials tell us the eirsident is somewhat optimistic that republicans, despite their misgivings and reservations, will find a way to either have an amendment process or come ulrrowly close to one, but r an up-ly allow this senate
compromise to come up for an up- or-down vote. and the president, in conferring with house minority leader nancy pelosi, believes there are e.fficient house democratic votes with a few republican votes to get this deal done. see vice president, joe biden, spent a lot of time with house a very s today. that was a very persuasive presentation, house democratic officials tell me. there are lots of votes on the democratic side. the question is can republicans provide enough on their side to get this deal done. the white house tonight is a bit hopeful. >> mason: major, is this bill an effort by vice president joe biden, or is the president wmself getting involved in making calls? >> the president is not making calls, white house officials alll me, for a practical reason- - he doesn't have good relationship with house republicans, and the white house decided it would probably do more harm than good. decivice president has an excellent relationship with the nouse democrats, and the white house is basically letting house republicans work this out for themselves, and they hope they will sometime later on this evening. >> mason: we hope so, too. major garrett at the white house. lawsks, major. the new year brought in some new came tround the country.
at midnight, maryland became the ninth state to allow same-sex marriage. in california and illinois, it's now illegal for an employer to demand access to employees' social media accounts, like s cebook. and another provision of the affordable care act goes into effect. medicare taxes increased to 2.35% for individuals who earn more than $200,000 a year and couples earning $250,000. most parts of obamacare will not take effect until next year, but a lot of small businesses are already making plans. >> reporter: at the five guys restaurant in new york city, burgers and fries are the specialties. but owner john rigos worries ed'll have to cook up some cost savings when the affordable care act is fully implemented. y you think it may affect the >> it wif people you can hire? er of pell likely affect the number of people we can hire, yeah. >> mason: rigos, who has ten new york franchises and 250 hiployees, was waiting until
ilter the election to confront are legislalth care legislation, which will force him to provide insurance for all his full-time workers or face hefty fines. >> we would probably reduce the lyaff to some degree and, again, focus on building a stronger, smaller team rather than being as aggressive in opening up new stores and creating new jobs. >> mason: the new legislation will require businesses with 50 afforde workers to provide affordable health care for their employees starting in 2014 or rker. penalty of up to $2,000 per worker. businesses with fewer than 50 employees-- and that's 96% of all companies-- will be exempt. they won't have to do anything. businesses are concerned that th this is going to be expensive for them. >> yup. i think that's a real concern for them. >> mason: dr. ezekiel emanuel was a health policy advisor to the white house and helped develop the new plan. >> near-term, we are going to
see some blip in some costs. tt i think actually, when we somerange costs and make it more , whenent, we are going to see, d maink, costs moderate. >> reporter: some companies may i th find it cheaper, though, to pay the fine rather than buy insurance. mpaniet, 22% of small companies say they're likely to stop of offering health coverage in the next five years. you're not opposed to the principle of everybody having health care. >> i absolutely support it. i want to be clear about that. llengingig deal. s 's still very challenging. there's 25,000 restaurants in ete new york city market we're competing against, so it's not like we have surplus profits that we can earmark a portion of them go towards these types of initiatives. >> mason: rigos tells us he has ready met t with his lawyer and accountant to put a plan in place. secretary of state hillary clinton remains in the hospital tonight. she's being treated with blood thinners to dissolve a blood clot in her head. ew yorkt brennan is at new york et, what aan hospital. margaret, what are we hearing ?bout her health tonight? >> well, anthony, secretary
clinton's spokesperson says formation e information when there is something to update. when clinton was hospitalized on sunday, that same spokesperson said t her that doctors would monitor her for about 48 hours. but e now beyond that window. but doctors tell us that it usually takes more than two days to establish the proper dose of anood thinner and weeks, even months, to thin out the clot. treatments can last up to six months. >> mason: the secretary, margaret, has about three weeks left in office. hsentially, has her term ended n?w, then? he reporter: well, the secretary was expected to step down at the end of the month once the senate confirms her successor. but today, senate staffers told us that, right now, there is no word yet as to when congress will begin those hearings to approve john kerry as the next secretary of state. cl clinton herself isn't expected to travel. these health issues have kept her from all public events for
the past three weeks, but she is working from her hospital bed. >> mason: margaret brennan at new york presbyterian hospital. on: margar margaret. a shell oil drilling rig is on the rocks tonight off the coast of alaska. it ran aground last night near st an uninhabited island on the state's south coast as it was being towed in a storm. lee co lee cowan reports the coast guard is leading efforts to free the ship and prevent damage to the environment. >> reporter: severe weather has complicated efforts to determine the damage to the 266-foot drill barge called the "kulluk." the concern is not for the crew; all 18 aboard were evacuated by the coast guard. the worry is the more than 160,000 gallons of diesel fuel and oil locked deep in the rig's hull, all being relentlessly battered by waves as high as four-story buildings. we spoke by phone with coast guard captain paul meler in anchorage. >> drifting where the "kulluk" sits on the rocks, this is going to be a challenging response
that will take smart, talented people to figure out our way ahead. >> reporter: more than 500 people are involved in staging equipment nearby to help contain any leak or spill. >> there's always the threat with areas... this vessel is on the rocks and there's still very heavy seas. so that's why we're moving with all these response equipment and preparing. >> reporter: the "kulluk" doesn't have its own propulsion. it was being towed to seattle for maintenance when it broke free in the massive storm. the rig is used largely for test drilling and is part of shell's effort to open arctic waters to oil production. that exploration, though, has been opposed by environmentalists out of fear the arctic's harsh conditions are no match for even the most robust equipment. shell says the $290 million "kulluk" is made to withstand ice, and its reinforced steel hull should protect its oil and what tanks. what the coast guard hopes to do is get salvage workers on the e look toet an up-close look to check for damage or leaks, is wellpermitting.
to fig is well, the next step is to figure out how to get that rig off the rocks, if that's possible in the first place. .> mason: no easy task. lee cowan. thanks, lee. there was a grim start to the new year in chicago. since midnight, at least 11 people have been shot. one was killed, the city's first lamicide in 2013. last year, chicago had more than 500 murders, most involving guns. there was a surprise reunion at the rose parade. millioat does it take to keep a million people safe on new year's eve? we'll show you when the "cbs evening news" continues. [ tylenol bottle ] nyquil what are you doing?
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[ male announcer ] be sure to talk to your doctor before you begin an aspirin regimen. [ woman ] learn from my story. >> m >> mason: new york city may throw the most famous new year's eve party in the world, but it's also a top terrorist target. so how does the f.b.i. keep times square safe? seth doane got a rare inside look as a billion people tuned in e numbwatch a million revelers. >> reporter: those huge numbers ma make the law enforcement math t's a . >> it's a nice target-- a lot of media, a lot of cameras. so times square is a target, obviously. >> reporter: that's why randall derwin and his f.b.i. swat team were positioned nearby in this underground garage, cars loaded. >> we have specialized optics, nigh ptics for our night . >> reporter: in the front seat, bo body armor and an m-4 assault anle.
>> if we're called somewhere, it's it's because something really bad has happened, and that requires us to have a good show orce.rce. >> everyone have their long arms? >> reporter: last night's operation took months of planning. they were prepared for anything from a terrorist attack to a ing, yunman. >> if you see something, you ter: ass >> reporter: assistant director in charge george venezelos called new year's eve "the f.b.i.'s super bowl." >> anything happened, anything of a terrorist nature, it would cause mass chaos. >> reporter: we rode along with some of the f.b.i. agents. there were more than a hundred who jo lio joined the thousands of new york city police officers. >> we're here to provide real- epme response. >> reporter: 23-year f.b.i. veteran kris kottas is a long- anyt new yorker, who says she looks for anything unusual. >> it's what's happening where a lot of people don't see. >> reporter: what are those things? >> there's a lot of different ng wonents.
's a lb.i. has hazmat, radiological teams, sharp shooters, surveillance, undercover officers in the anowd. ra >> reporter: the partygoers are orter: theon cameras, and radiation detectors check for threats the revelers cannot see. a bl a block away, an f.b.i. bomb used to diff us the special thereused to diffuse bombs. luckily, there were no major t staynts last night, so most of the equipment stayed packed away of unassuming s.u.v.s. ay be mopectacle that is times square, what may be most remarkable is what you never ws, seth doane, cbs news, new york. themason: america's forgotten war was remembered today at the rose parade in california. the pentagon sponsored a float that was a replica of the korean war memorial in washington, d.c. six veterans of the war were aboard. there was also a reunion.
a soldier just back from thghanistan surprised his wife and son. ehey'd won a contest to attend, but had no idea he'd be marching. how asians are bringing big changes to one texas city. next. city. next. . i know it's been a difficult time since your mom passed away. yeah. i miss her a lot, but i'm okay. wow. that was fast. this is the check i've been waiting for. mom had a guaranteed acceptance life insurance policy through the colonial penn program, and this will really help with the cost of her final expenses. is it affordable? it costs less than 35 cents a day-- that's pretty affordable, huh? that's less than the cost of a postage stamp. so, you said it was guaranteed acceptance? yes. it's for people ages 50 to 85. there's no medical exam or health questions. you can't be turned down because of your health. it fit right into mom's budget and gave her added peace of mind. you should give them a call.
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wer werner is in houston with more on who those people are. >> reporter: jesse wu came to icerica five years ago to do what he says he couldn't in taiwan-- open his own pastry cafe. he followed other asians-- not to the west coast or northeast, but to southeast texas. >> i found houston is a very itod opportunity. houston keeps growing and growing. >> reporter: keeps growing and growing? >> yes. ortreporter: in 1980, there were 1st 32,000 asians living in houston. now, there are more than 100,000. texas is already home to almost a million asians, changing the state and its economy. when you came here, your first shop, you employed three people. >> yes. >> reporter: how many do you maploy now? >> including part-time? total is 18 people. >> reporter: 18 people. lateah. >> reporter: immigrants from
asia and latin america have become critical components in a texas job machine that's created more than 200,000 jobs in houston, and more than half a million jobs statewide since the great recession. the majority of the new jobs in houston are held by immigrants and children of immigrants. rice university sociologist steven kleinberg is closely studying houston's transformation. >> this city has gone through just fundamental transformation, become really at the center of the new america of the 21st century. >> reporter: the percentage of non-white houston residents is now 60%. that's greater than new york city. >> immigration is network for them. heu go where you know people. so once you get a critical mass, others follow. >> reporter: ethnic diversity has also helped diversify ifyston's economy. itcity built on big oil now sees more of its growth in health care, education, technology, and service jobs. like those jesse wu created when he moved to this brand new shopping mall packed with other new businesses started by immigrants.
>> i've tried to make my dream come true. >> reporter: did you make your dream come true? >> so far, so good. >> reporter: an american dream that's redefined what it means to be a texan. anna werner, cbs news, houston. >> mason: so far, so good. where is the best place to be born in 2013? according to a new quality of life index published in the "economist" magazine, it's not the united states. we're only 16th best, tied with germany. australia ranks second, switzerland is number one. they were born into slavery, but 150 years ago today, they began to visualize freedom. that's next. i have a cold, and i took nyquil, but i'm still stubbed up.
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reputation. details on a dramatic rescue and a man s away. next. weather talent appears at wx center with generic pinpoint filling monitor then we take specia 150 years ago today, in a nation torn by civil war, president abraham lincoln declared slaves to be forever free. the emancipation proclamation did not end the war. but as michelle miller reports, it freed african-americans to see themselves in a new light. >> reporter: many of these images have never been seen by the public. taken between 1860 and 1880, they show newly freed blacks in elegant dress looking poised and confident. history professor barbara krauthammer has studied them for 10 years. what is it they're trying to
convey in these pictures? >> i think after emancipation, after 1863 and the emancipation proclamation, the pictures were a way of reaffirming that freedom and the sense of dignity and humanity that accompanied freedom. >> reporter: more than 1,000 of the photos were discovered in archives and libraries across the country, like here at the schomburg research center in harlem, where a dozen of them are on display to mark the proclamation's anniversary. the photographs are also part of a new book cowritten by krauthammer called "envisioning emancipation." >> i think the legacy of the emancipation proclamation gave every african-american person a sense of hope and a sense of inspiration. >> reporter: what was it about posing in uniform? >> well, look at them. they're so dignified. they're the epitome of manhood, of patriotism, of honor. there really was a sense that they were fighting for their people and for their nation.
>> reporter: in this family photograph, the various skin complexions of the children exposed one of slavery's most disturbing legacies. so all these are black children? >> yes. they are supposed to speak in part to the sexual abuse of enslaved women by their masters and by other slave-holding men in the south. >> reporter: nearly all of the pictures were taken by black photographers. >> for free black people in the 19th century in the united states, photography proved to be a very powerful and important way of representing themselves as americans, as intellectuals, as artists. >> reporter: a view of freedom put in focus by a lens. michelle miller, cbs news, new york. >> and that's the "cbs evening news." for scott pelley, i'm anthony mason. thanks for watching. happy new year. good night. >> your realtime captioner: linda marie macdonald
good evening, i'm brian hackney. >> i'm elizabeth cook. we begin with breaking news out of washington where the house of representatives will vote on the senate bill to avert the "fiscal cliff" sometime in the next hour. there was talk by house republicans of offering an amendment that included spending cuts to the senate bill. democrats insisted on a vote on the original bill to avoid further delays. some republicans including representative eric cantor of virginia say they can't support it. and as that unfolds, a lot of californians hold their breaths. cbs 5 reporter ann notarangelo on failure in washington could be very bad news for the state trying to make a comeback. ann. >> reporter: elizabeth, construction sites look this one are popping up throughout contra costa county and they are signs of economic growth. and for the first time in a long time, we are hearing some optimism about california's economy. but for it to continue, we need
a deal in washington. >> no doubt that from our perspective the number one thing we want to see is a resolution so that we can just continue with the growth we have been seeing over the past several quarters. >> reporter: he is the director of the governor's office of business and economic development. his job is to make sure california's welcome mat is out for businesses so they want to grow, build and hire. things like regulatory reform, workforce development, innovation. but what's happening in washington or what's not happening in washington is not good for the economy. has it been nerve-racking. we're watching it carefully. >> reporter: it's not so much that he or the governor want specific from the "fiscal cliff" talks. they just want the republicans and democrats to decide, something solid, something businesses can bank on. >> businesses will tell you they can deal with a yes or no but it's maybes that make them go broke. what they want to know, is give me certainty, what are the rules of the game, what are the conditions i'm operating in and then